Spread the love


Friends, here we know about auto battery manufacturing complete knowledge, which is the fastest growing industry in the world. This battery is used mostly in all types of vehicles for lighting, horn, and self-starting system.

These vehicles are motorcycles, cars, jeeps, trucks, buses, scooters, etc. Each vehicle has gone its own requirements. Therefore the capacity of auto batteries is manufactured according to the requirements of the vehicles. An auto battery is an item of mass consumption.

There is heavy demand and a vast gap between demand and supply having a large existing number of manufacturers. A large number of SSI units are manufacturing such batteries.

Having a good market potential it is considered to set up SSI units for auto battery manufacturing.

What is Battery Rescue? - r2 Battery Saver
battery manufacturing complete knowledge


What is battery

The battery is a kind of source of electric generation from ancient times. In today’s world of technology, there has been done development in battery manufacturing also. Today it is manufactured in different shapes, sizes, and power as per market demands.

A battery is a self-contained, chemical power pack that can produce a limited amount of electrical energy wherever needed. Unlike normal electricity, which flows into your home through wires that start at the power plant, a battery slowly converts the chemicals packed inside it into electrical energy, which usually takes days, weeks, months. or issues over a period of years.


Scientists and engineers have developed different types and sizes of batteries. Lead-acid batteries are the most widely used batteries invented in 1859 by the French physicist Gaston Planté. It is the oldest rechargeable battery.

Having existed high profile of automobile industries today in India demand of vehicles has gone up due to growth of our population and changes in lifestyle. Power problem has also created a vast market of battery and electrical appliances.

How it works battery – manufacturing complete knowledge

How a lithium-ion battery works | This illustration shows th… | Flickr
battery manufacturing complete knowledge

All parts of the battery work together to light the flashlight. The electrodes in a battery contain atoms of some conducting material. For example, in an alkaline battery, the anode is usually made of zinc, and manganese dioxide serves as the cathode. And there are ions in the electrolyte between and inside those electrodes.

When these ions meet with the atoms of the electrode, some electrochemical reactions take place between the ions and the atoms of the electrode.

The series of chemical reactions that occur at the electrodes are collectively known as oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions. In a battery, the cathode is known as the oxidizing agent because it accepts electrons from the anode. The anode is known as a reducing agent, as it loses electrons.

Having existed high profile of automobile industries today in India demand of vehicles has gone up due to growth of our population and changes in lifestyle. Power problem has also created a vast market of battery and electrical appliances.

It is second only to nickel-cadmium batteries in terms of the lowest energy-to-weight ratio. It has the ability to provide high currents for a short period of time. Apart from the above qualities, it is also very cheap, due to which it is used in abundance in cars, trucks, other vehicles, and uninterruptible power sources.


The structure inside a lead-acid battery

Battery Inner Structure
battery manufacturing complete knowledge

In a lead-acid battery, one or more cells are connected in series. For example, a 12-volt battery has 6 cells in series. Each cell is made up of two plates (positive and negative). An electrical insulator is placed between these two plates so that the two plates do not get adjacent to each other.

The plates and the insulator that separates them are all immersed in water and dilute sulfur (water:acid=3:1) (electrolyte). The positive plate is made of lead peroxide (PbO2) and the negative plate is made of lead (Pb).

The condition inside a lead-acid cell when it is completely discharged

When discharged, both the positive and negative plates of the lead-acid cell become lead-sulfate (PbSO4) and the amount of sulfuric acid in the electrolyte is greatly reduced (which can be said to be mainly water). In the discharge process, electrons inside the battery move from the positive plate to the negative plate.

Location for Battery Manufacturing Industry

The location of this industry should be set up at a place that justifies all the infrastructural facilities as:-

  1. Availability of raw materials & consumables.
  2. Availability of Power, Fuel, Water.
  3. Banking facility.
  4. Marketing prospectus.
  5. Good communications.

6. Labour facility.

Raw Materials and Consumables

The main raw materials for the manufacturing of batteries are as follows:-

  1. Battery Plates
  2. Separator.
  3. Battery Box.
  4. Lead.
  5. Carbide and acid.
  6. Pitch.

Products Of Battery Manufacturing Unite

Mainly product is Auto Batteries.

Manufacturing process

High Grade Battery Assembling Plant
battery manufacturing complete knowledge

Batteries are manufactured using careful maintenance of types of equipment in an automated controlled environment. The Manufacturing processes can be divided into several stages like the Oxide and grid production process, pasting and curing, assembling process, formation, filling, charge-discharge process, final assembly, inspection, and dispatch.


Battery manufacturing may be called assembling of different parts which is a simple process. It does not exist any sophisticated skill or any complex technology. The process is followed in the following steps:-

  1. Cleaning of the battery box.
  2. Fitting of battery plates with separator.
  3. Acid filling.
  4. Cover fitting & pitching.
  5. Negative & Positive point making from lead.
  6. Checking and finishing.
  7. Packing for dispatching.

Machinery Required

Battery Making automatic Machine

automatic battery manufacturing machine
battery manufacturing complete knowledge
  1.  Multimeter                              4 nos.
  2. Hydrometer                             4 nos.
  3. Gas kits with gas holder          2 nos.
      4. Generator 3 kva.                       1 no.



Mahila Udyam Nidhi scheme


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *