Future of Cottage Industries in India
Dear friends, today we will know about the Future of Cottage Industries in India. If it is said that India is still a country of villages, it will not be an exaggeration, but at the same time, it is also true that Indian society is slowly moving towards urbanization. We get this information from the census held every ten years.
What is Cottage Industries
The cottage industry is a concentrated form of small-scale industry that can be started with very low investment. The cottage sector is an uncategorized sector, and here the production takes place from the house of the artisan. production is done from traditional methods. The origin of the cottage industry is in rural areas where unemployment and underemployment are prevalent. It helps the Indian economy by engaging other unemployed workers from rural areas.
Status of Cottage Industries in India
Kutir udyog is called village industries, and also plays an important role in removing the current problem of unemployment in India. It can be of great help to the agricultural laborers in the form of ancillary occupation in their spare time. The above-mentioned details are some of the benefits and goals of the village industry which can prove helpful in earning a living in this machine age.
After considering their importance, they have been given an important place in the Five Year Plan of India. They should not be harmed by the unhealthy competition policy of big industries. It is necessary that the scope of work of both types of industries should be set apart from the competition policy, considering them as paramount from the complementary point of view, so that both can flourish together.
The best cottage industries in India
- Flour Mills.
- Oil Mills.
- Silk and Khadi Cloths.
- Paper bag making.
- Bricks making.
- Pickles Making.
- Jams, Jellies manufacturing.
- Papads manufacturing.
- Biscuits manufacturing.
- Prepared Spices etc.
Now Cottage Industries are in Distress
On the other hand, the structure of our villages has also changed a lot and many villages have facilities like cities. Under these circumstances, the small businesses of villages and towns, which are called cottage industries, are seeing drastic changes. Many cottage industries are in distress or have come to an end due to the inability to compete with the big industries.
When British rule Destroyed Indian Cottage Industries
The decline in cottage industries in India had started coming for the first time due to the policies of the British rule, whereas at that time only cottage industries were prevalent in the name of industries in India. In village-village, various industries like handloom, handicrafts, oil crusher were established at the private level and were the main means of rural employment.
Why Industrial Revolution Came from England
As a result of the Industrial Revolution in England, large mills were established there, for which raw materials were mainly imported from India at cheap prices. Then the finished goods were sold at high prices in the mandis of India. Due to this process going on for a long time, the Indian cottage industry got destroyed. Later, Gandhiji inspired people to spin yarn from house to house with a charkha, which eased the situation a bit.
After Independence small and cottage industries were gradually neglected
After attaining independence, our central government laid special emphasis on the establishment of agriculture and heavy industries respectively, due to which small and cottage industries were gradually neglected. However, the cottage industries could not be eliminated because the efforts of the people at the private level were involved in its operation. Even today, the cottage industries are playing their useful role standing parallel to other industries.
In villages, towns, and cities, various works like flour mill, oil mill, Kath loom, silk and khadi cloth, harvesting and weaving, etc. are being done at the level of cottage industry. The traditional professions of a tailor, carpenter, blacksmith, etc. fall in this category. Some people are doing small-scale metallurgy, leatherwork, parts making of various machines, brick making, paper bag making, etc. which are the best examples of modern cottage industries.
Development in Science and technology changed the nature of cottage industries
Even though the nature of cottage industries has changed all over the world due to the development of science and technology, the future of such Industries cannot be said in balance. Mechanization is also a happy event in cottage industries as it has led to the rapid increase in production capacity. Processing of fruits and vegetables is easily done through cottage industries based on these.
While various food items like pickles, jams, jellies, papads, biscuits, prepared spices, etc. are doing in cottage industries. In this way, lakhs of people are getting employment at the individual level. Right now there is immense potential in this field in India because along with the increase in population, our daily needs are also increasing continuously.
Today cyber cafes, tea shops, snacks, etc. shops are called modern cottage industries
It will not be an exaggeration even if cyber cafes, tea shops, snacks, etc. shops are called modern cottage industries in the cities. Tailoring-embroidery training centers, typing centers, computer education centers are open in small towns, which can be kept in the category of similar industries. Employment is available to the majority of these people. Thus, modern cottage industries in India have employed more people than before.
Therefore, the future of cottage industries in India is not bleak if it gets even a little government encouragement. Many unemployed people can get self-employment by having the facility of small loans of short duration. Various government schemes are also being operated in this direction, which can prove to be very effective shortly. In this way, the migration of rural youth to the cities can also be stopped.
Cottage industries are the backbone of the Indian economy
Cottage Industries – Businesses are the backbone of our country’s economy. These, on the one hand, such means are used which are of domestic and local level, on the other hand, pollution also spreads less through them. Therefore, it can be said to be wise in every way to give importance to them in comparison to small and large industries.
Now the notion is slowly disappearing that only large-scale industries can generate employment. Behind the success of the information revolution in India is the labor of technicians working individually.
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