Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

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Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

We need to save our vital natural resources from getting spoiled and depleting and polluting them without stopping the process of development. Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health. Pollution and industry both complement each other. Where there is industry, there will be pollution. The establishment of industries is an important task in itself. The industry is the backbone of the economy in every country. It is directly related to the comforts of life, living, education, and medicine.

Introduction to Industrial Pollution:

In the last hundred years, there has been an increase in the human population. Due to this, the demand for food, water, houses, electricity, roads, vehicles, and other goods has also increased, as a result, there is a lot of pressure on our natural resources and air, water, and land pollution, is increasing.

Even today, we need to save our vital natural resources from getting spoiled and depleting and polluting them without stopping the process of development. Pollution and industry both complement each other. Where there is industry, there will be pollution. The establishment of industries is an important task in itself. The industry is the backbone of the economy in every country. It is directly related to the comforts of life, living, education, and medicine.

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

For the sake of these facilities, man is constantly engaged in increasing new scientific inventions and new industries. Industrialization is one such phase, by which the country gets self-reliance and awakens the feeling of prosperity among the individuals. India is no exception to this.

Hundreds of years of slavery gave us some honey. Even the hard work of skilled craftsmen did not take our country to the stage of progress. In 1947, the independent country thought in this direction and made phased five-year plans for the systematic progress of its country.

The Second Five Year Plan (1958-61) marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the country, which continued to grow (due to the economic slowdown it also slowed down). According to a survey, thousands of big industries are divided into seventeen groups (exact number not available) and 31 lakh small and medium industries are currently working in the country.

All industries generate some kind of emissions, which cause pollution.

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Emissions usually consist of one or more of the following:

Exhaust Water: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Different types of effluent water come out from different industries.

On the basis of general properties, there are three types of excretory waters:

  1. Those excretory waters in which the solid is in a suspended state.
  2. Those excretory water, in which it is in the form of a solid solution.
  3. Excretory water with a high concentration of the solution.

The nature and organization of the water discharge are based on the industry.

Generally, effluent water is released from various industries having the following type of organization:

(a) Excess water containing carbohydrates, paper board, starch, etc.

(b) Exhaust water-electroplating industry with excess cyanide, chromium, and nickel.

(c) Excess water-detergent, pesticides, fertilizers, plastics, and petroleum industries with an excess of various chemicals.

(d) Excess water-dairy industry with an excess of nitrogen.

Most industries do not have suitable facilities for the treatment of sewage water, which is hazardous from the point of view of pollution. The emissions of various industries, whether it is water or solid, are being listed in sequence.

Environmental Pollution and Industries: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

The Government of India has made some efforts to solve the problem of water pollution, the main one being the formation of the National Committee on Environment Planning and Coordination, which will determine the status of the industrial units to be established in the future.

In view of these requirements of pollution control, the Government of India constituted the Central Water Pollution Board in 1974 under the Water Pollution Control and Prevention Act.

Sources of Industrial Pollution:

  1.  Oil Refinery Industry:

Oil is excretory in water. There are alkalis, ammonia, phenyl, hydrogen, sulfides and organic chemicals. It is harmful to aquatic organisms. Due to this the smell and taste also get spoiled.

  1. Tannery Industry:

In addition to harmful chemicals in the excretory water, chromium, hair, flesh, etc., remain in the colloid state.

 

iii. Steel Mill Industry:

Ammonia, phenyl, organic acids, cyanides, etc. remain in the excretory water. Solids also remain in a suspended state in large quantities in this excretion.

  1. Distillery Industry: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

In excretory water, the mainly organic matter remains in the form of a solution. It is the most polluting industry in India, as it contains abundant water.

  1. Electroplating Industry: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

The nature of excretory water is acidic and there is also a solution of chemicals. There are very few suspended solids in this excretory water.

Pollution created by industry: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

It was the Industrial Revolution that gave rise to environmental pollution. Due to the consumption of large quantities of coal and other fossil fuels, there will be pollution when the industry is operating unexpectedly.

There is at least the following process related to the industry:

  1. Emission of toxic gases from chimneys,

  2. Fine particles that collect in chimneys

III. Remaining after work in industries

  1. Remains of fuel used in chimneys, and

  2. Effusion of water used in industries.

All these approaches are important in the context of industrial pollution. Pollution caused by industries is air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution, thermal pollution, industrial effluents, waste of trees and crops due to effluents, and loss of life. Under pollution from industries, a sequential reflection on the ill effects and control of pollution is presented here.

Effects of Industrial Pollution: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Waste of trees and crops due to effluents from industries:

Many types of industries, in which water is used in large quantities, remove their factory effluents without treatment in rivers, on vacant land, or in fields. When the water reaches the fields without treatment, it destroys the crop there and the farmer is left helpless.

The reason for the destruction of thousands of trees and crops in ‘Muradnagar’ (Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh) is due to the paper mill running nearby. The traces of rosewood and Jamun trees are left. Farmers say that the paddy crop dries up in eight days. If you stand in water for a long time, then your feet start burning.

Loss of people from industries: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Today the number of industries not only in India but all over the world is in lakhs and the number of people working in it will be in crores. Emissions from different industries spread different types of diseases and many people’s lives end there.

According to the World Health Organization’s report circulated in 1992, about 3.27 crore industrial sector accidents occur in a year all over the world. Of these, 146,000 people die, and it is also estimated that the diseases from which industrial artisans suffer.

They are as follows: Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health
Industrial Pollution is Detrimental to Public Health

This list is not complete in itself, because in a country like India, anemia, eye diseases, bone diseases, airborne diseases, respiratory diseases, etc. Therefore, the people working in the industries always remain unwell.

 Control of Industrial Pollution:

Measures to reduce pollution from industries:

Some measures to reduce pollution from industries are as follows:

(I) The location of industries should be selected very carefully. There should neither be an authorized forest area nor agricultural and residential land, that area should be so wide that plantation can be done there so that the environment there is not polluted. For a good environment, such trees should be planted there, which can absorb special toxic gases. The dense strips of trees are also sound-repellent.

(II) Chimneys of factories should be fitted with ‘bag filters’. When smoke passes through this filter, it has to pass through the cylinder of the filter, due to which the particulate matter of the smoke settles down, while the gas comes out through the cylindrical bag, this gas is free from particulate matter, hence the atmosphere is less gets polluted.

(III) Scrubbers Absorbers, Cyclones, Electrostatic Precipitators, Bag Filters Plants should be extensively used for reducing the number of pollutants from the power plants working in the industries and the chimneys emitting gases and particulates.

(IV) Alternative chemical compounds should be used in place of ozone-depleting chemicals.

(v) All the workers should be informed about the incidents related to the industries.

(VI) Water and solid wastes should be immersed in their area only after the remedial operation as much as possible.

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