MANUFACTURING OF GHEE
Along with animal husbandry, agriculture has been the lifeline of the Indian economy. The country which produces economical milk is known as India. It is the most important sector of the Indian economy, especially for poverty alleviation and employment generation. This sector contributes close to one-fourth of India’s national income and accounts for about 60 percent of the total workforce in agriculture. Globally, milk has been recognized as an integral part of the food for centuries. The success of the White Revolution in India has been largely written by millions of smallholders. About 70 million dairy farmers in the country produce more than 50 percent of milk. India has milk and milk products as the most important component in the Indian food industry. it is mostly consumed because milk and milk products are deeply rooted in our culture. Milk and milk products are an essential item during any festivals and events.
The dairy market in India is quite large and the market for unorganized milk and milk products is estimated to be around Rs 470 billion, while the market for the processed organized dairy segment is only Rs 10,000 crore. The market is currently growing at a rate of 5% per year in volume terms. The effective level of processing in the organized sector is 22%. Dairy exports reached the US $ 210.5 million compared to the US $ 113.57 in 2007–08, up from the US $ 113.57 in the previous fiscal year, while the domestic dairy sector is expected to surpass $ 108 billion in revenue by 2011. India with a population of over 1.30 billion and diverse food. Provides a good market for milk and milk products according to habits, cultures, traditions, and religions. Milk products with well-defined quality characteristics and packaged in attractive containers can be marketed at various locations. Most dairy food dishes have high profit-generating value-added products. Produced milk products include yogurt, ghee, khoya, chana, paneer, shrikhand, milk powder, whitener, condensed milk, malted milk food, ice cream, and various types of milk sweets, some of which are now included in the d by organized dairy industries Huh. Also, the Indian dairy sector has major value-added products. The traditional dairy products market in India is the US $ 10 billion, making it the largest and fastest-growing sector of the Indian dairy industry. Recognition as a subsidiary occupation for the majority farming community in our country is now gaining an independent status as the main occupation as it is important in providing employment.
Ghee, widely used in Indian cooking, is pure butterfat after extracting milk from butter and water from butter. Ghee is the largest consuming dairy products with aromatic having a nutritious taste. The report found that the market reached a value of INR 2,273 billion in 2019. The healthy growth of the market can be attributed to many forces. Due to the growth of our population and disposable income, increasing awareness of the health consumption of pure ghee has increased. This creased the ghee markets. Looking ahead, the IMARC Group expects to show strong growth in the Ghee market in India during 2020-2025.
The report examines the Indian Ghee market in 15 major states:
- Uttar Pradesh
- Andra Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Rajasthan Rajasthan
- Madhya Pradesh
- West Bengal
For each state, the report provides an in-depth analysis of current and historical price and volume trends, market share of key players, and market forecast. Currently, Uttar Pradesh represents the region with the highest market share in the country. It is followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. The competitive landscape of the Indian Ghee market is also included in this report. The main market players of ghee are GCMMF, RCDF, Mother Dairy, Patanjali, and SMC Foods, etc. The report also analyzes the analysis of segments, sector, and competitive landscape, as well as the five forces of Swot, Value Chain, and Porter of the Indian Ghee market. The study is based on several waves of desk research and qualitative primary research. This report is a must-read for entrepreneurs, investors, researchers, consultants, business strategists, and all those who have any stake or are planning to enter the Indian ghee market in any way.
Ghee is a superfood giving the best of both worlds. It is very healthy and gives a globally flavored taste. It will be no surprise to say that it has been reserved as a prized food in India for long years. In fact, many Ayurvedic physicians consider ghee to be the highest health tonic, often recommended, in small doses, as the first food given to a newborn, even before breast milk.
To help initiate digestion, seed the body with vitality (or ojas) and an in-depth supply of nutrients to build a healthy brain and nervous system. But those incredible health benefits do not apply to newborns – Ghee is an amazing health enhancer tonic at any age, the benefits of which affect almost every system and process in the body.
The ghee manufacturing process is always complex, regardless of whether the manufacturer follows a traditional or advanced industrial process.
The traditional process is also called the Ayurvedic process of making cow’s ghee. It is a slow cooking process and is also called the Vedic process of ghee production. The process of making this Vedic Ghee is also called the traditional process of making Ghee and is also known as Desi or Swadeshi method.
Various methods are used to make ghee in the dairy industry. However, all methods operate on the same methodology or preparation flow.
These procedures are:
The concentration of milk fat as either milk cream or milk-butter.
The clarification of the fat-containing milk portion using heat and thus the water percentage is reduced, and the final product only has less than 0.5%. The yogurt/cream content ends up as ghee residue.
Traditional Ghee Making Process
The Vedic ghee manufacturing process is known as this method and divided into five steps inter-related. These steps are progressing from the purchase of raw products (milk) to the final product making ghee, clarified butter. These five steps are important in the Vedic process because it is believed that by following these 5 steps, the best quality of ghee is produced in the purest condition. Each and every step are called Sanskar method of these Ayurvedic process.
Phase (Sanskar) -1: Purchase and Boil
Procurement for making ghee is an important issue in the traditional ghee manufacturing process. The quality of raw material milk is largely dependent on farming and cow’s diet. Grass-fed cow’s milk is always better than grain-fed cow’s milk. In the traditional process, 25-30 liters of cow’s milk are required to make about 1 liter of cow’s ghee. In Ayurveda, cow’s milk is counted as the best material for the purest form of cow’s ghee.
The milk is boiled well. This long boiling process helps in two ways. The milk collected from the firm becomes completely disinfected. On the other hand, using the boiling process, the producers make the texture of cow’s milk more concentrated.
Charan (Sanskar) -2: Curling
This process of ghee manufacturing consists of boiling milk, converting in curd of milk. In the traditional process, one teaspoon of curd is added to the milk. Instead of yogurt, lemon juice, or any natural sour element, is sometimes added to milk at home. The milk stays in a covered pot overnight and is converted into curd. After the curd is fully prepared, it is well churned.
Charan (Sanskar) –3: Brainstorm
The curd is now mopped with wood churn, called bilona. In the traditional methods, first curd churning is done in two-way directions, one clockwise and the other anticlockwise. Brainstorming is mostly a long method. Once the curd is divided into butter and buttermilk, the raw material of ghee, milk butter is ready.
Charan (Sanskar) – 4- Separating
Butter and Buttermilk are separated by this process at the end of the churning of ghee manufacturing. This butter is then used to convert in ghee.
Butter is also called ghee butter. It is still not free from the milky part, which means that butter from this ghee may contain lactose and casein. By the heating process, clarified butter, ghee is produced.
Phase (Sanskar) – 5- Heating
In the ghee manufacturing process, the produced butter is now placed in a heavy-bottomed steel vessel and heated against a medium-high flame. Once the butter of the ghee starts boiling, it is allowed to boil for some more time so that the water in the butter of the ghee evaporates.
During the boiling process, the boiling butter is clarified, and a visible layer of solids is found on the bottom of the pot which indicates that the ghee is almost ready. In this stage you will smell the aroma of pure cow ghee and the butter will turn yellowish-golden.
In the final step, the golden liquid ghee is filtered through a strainer and stored in a jar for later use. It is extremely important to store pure ghee in a clean jar away from exposure to light, heat, and moisture.
An advanced method of the ghee manufacturing process
Even today’s homemade ghee is produced only by traditional methods. But dairy companies typically use a more commercial process, where they skip the course of making butter from milk.
By this method of cream separation and converting of cream to the high quality of ghee is prepared
In addition to the traditional method of the ghee manufacturing process, there are four methods of pure ghee manufacturing. These four processes are here:-
- Direct cream method.
- Creamy butter method.
- Prestratification Method.
- Continuous method.
Direct cream method
On the commercial base, the ghee manufacturing direct cream method is applied. Here the kettle is used to boil the cream of milk, hollow, stainless steel tube with central boring. Content is taken out with when brownness appears on the surface, it stops heating and the color of the ghee remains golden yellow or light brown.
However, this commercial ghee manufacturing process has some drawbacks. One is its longer cooking time, and secondly, the presence of serum solids in the cream can add a caramelized flavor to the produced ghee. This process may be applied where the bulk quantity of ghee manufacturing is required.
Ghee manufacturing is important because the process somehow determines the quality of the ghee. However, time and purity of raw materials play an important role in deciding the quality of ghee. Grass milk is a better raw material than grass-cow milk for the production of good quality cow ghee, and hence there is a greater demand in the consumer market for grass-fed cow ghee.
Advantage: The manufacturer does not have the obligation to produce butter before producing ghee.
Creamy butter method
This is the standard ghee-making method applied in most organized dairies. Unsalted or white milk butter is used as raw materials in this process. Butter blocks are melted at 60 ° C to 80 ° C in the melting of butter. Steam heating is done for finally where the melted butter is pumped into the ghee boiler.
Now the steam pressure is increased to increase the temperature. A certain amount of scum is formed on top of the surface of the product, which is often removed with the help of a holy scoop. At this stage, the aroma of the specific ghee intensifies. The final heating temperature is adjusted to 114 ° 2 ° C. The produced ghee is filtered into the settling tank by an oil filter.
Pre stratification method
In this process, butter is produced from 38 to 40% fat butter, which continuously applies the method of butter making machine or batch churning. The butter is then transferred to the melted butter and melts at a temperature around 80 ° C. This melted butter is kept in a ghee kettle or boiler for 30 minutes at a temperature of 80–85 ° C. Here, in the ghee kettle, the mass is stratified, and the product stratified into three distinct layers. Degraded protein elements (curd particles) and impurities are found floating on the top layer or on the surface. The middle layer is made up of clear fat, and the bottom layer is made up of buttermilk serum that is 80% moisture and 70% solid-no-fat contained in butter.
The bottom layer is then carefully removed without disturbing both the top and middle layers. The middle layer contains mostly fat and is heated to 114 with 2 ° C temperature along with the top layer of floating curd particles and deprived proteins. This step is necessary to create a distinct ghee aroma. It can be manufactured mild-flavored ghee by removing the curd content before the final temperature of curd butter.
This continuous method was developed to meet the requirement of high volume production and to overcome the moderation of the batch method. The limitations of the batch method are as follows:
Low heat transfer co-efficient causes a high demand for energy.
Cleaning and sanitation of equipment may not be satisfactory enough. The equipment and process were mostly found unsuitable for a large amount of production. The factory floor becomes extremely slippery due to leakage of unwanted ghee.
Damage handling often reaches optimal levels
So, the continuous method can provide you with the following benefits;
Better control over product quality
Contamination by operators can be mostly eliminated.
CIP is highly possible
No foaming of the product is observed during production
The butter is melted into butter that is melted in a liquefied state and then transferred to a balance tank and then pumped further to the scattered surface of the heat exchanger (SSHE), followed by a vapor separator. Flashing. In SSHE this is repeated in the next two steps to reduce the level of heating and moisture in the produced ghee. The ghee then undergoes centrifugal clarification where the ghee-residue is removed. The clarified ghee is stored for filling and packing.
All the grass-fed cow’s ghee is not of biological quality. Dairy Grass Cow Ghee is a premium product in the dairy market. The authentic ghee manufacturing process is the winning combo and the best quality grass can produce ghee. Organic cow ghee is an organic certified product, not confirmed by organic certification claims
Milky organic grass-fed Ghee is produced from grass-fed cow’s milk. Ghee is manufactured without adding any synthetic color, preservative, and flavor, and its organic quality is certified by Bio Products, New Zealand’s largest and best certified organic products.
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