MOSQUITO REPELLENT LIQUID
With several species of mosquitoes believed to be responsible for the spread of malaria, dengue fever, and other mosquito-related diseases, India has a large and growing market for mosquito breeding. Many methods are used in homes to deal with the threat of mosquitoes. Despite the prevalence of the mosquito problems, the use of repellents in India is quite low. It hoped that about only 22.6% in all metros and 16.4% in urban areas people are using the mosquito repellents. The figure for rural areas is even lower; At only 6.9%. The coils were the first mosquito repellent to be introduced in the Indian market.
The total market size of non-agricultural pest and pest control products is about 15 billion rupees. Out of this, the market for the anti-flying insect (mosquito) has been kept for 8.25 billion rupees.
Mosquito repellents are available as mats, coils, vaporizers, or liquids. The market is complemented by a host of mechanical and electro-mechanical devices to make basic repellents effective. For personal use, there is a cream compound in the market. The market is literally dominated by four players — Reckitt Benckiser with their mortin, Jyoti Laboratories with Maxo, and Godrej Sara Lee with Good Knight and Karamchand Appliances Pvt Ltd with their all out. Other players in the region are Balsara Hygiene, Odomos, Beergon Spray with the brand, Began Power Mat and Began Knockout with a repellant cream; And Tenwalla Chemicals with the Casper brand of mats and coils. While Mortin has 29% in the market, 22% in Maxo, and 20% with Good Night not far behind.
In the total pest control market, the relative shares of different product categories are matte 10%, coils 50%, vaporizers 20% and aerosols and creams 5%, it is projected to grow into a large 39 billion rupees market.
The demand for matts is increasing very rapidly in rural areas, while in urban areas, vapor mats are replacing mats and coils. In terms of total market spread, the urban share was around 70%. In rural markets, the major products are mats and coils, sorghum, and cream.
It was estimated the Indian mosquito repellent market will grow very rapidly up to the 21st century, as per the industrial report. Analysts said that with improvement in literacy and health consciousness in rural areas, the use of mosquito repellants was expected to increase substantially.
Repellent may be mildly poisonous or only offensive thereby making food or living conditions unattractive for insects. They have used in a variety of ways e.g. poisons barriers for bags & termites, repellents on animals to prevent insect feeding of mosquito repellents & so on. These repellents can be classified, according to their chemical nature as inorganic compounds, organic compounds of plant origin, and synthetic organic compounds. The most effective formulation is selected for the best results used in solid tablet form in conjunction with an electrical & electronic device for repelling the mosquitoes. The mat remains on the table in the room; it protects human bodies from mosquito without coming into direct contact of the human body except while placing the mat on the heating plate. Thus there is no question of the skin or other harms by it to human beings.
There are some essential oils that have the property to remove mosquitoes. Mosquitoes cannot bear the taste of essential oil, although they do not die they escape. The raw materials required for the manufacture of essential oils are readily available in the market. The raw material for the production of molded pots and cages is also available in the market. It is used extensively in the domestic and commercial sectors for mosquito repellent. And it can be used for insecticide. The increase in demand for this quality product is around 5% which is mostly filled by the survival manufacturer. Though there is a big difference in the village’s side market, any company can manufacture it and get a good market in Indian remote areas. Any new entrepreneur can enter this product and succeed.
Mosquitoes are one of the most harmful insects for mankind. Mosquitoes thrive everywhere where the environment is not kept clean, hygienic, and well-organized. Until rural, urban, and metropolitan areas are completely pollution-free, and access to sanitation is still available for only 14% of the population, nothing can prevent the preference of mosquitoes for these places because their most favorable rear ground is to attack humans living there. With the increase in population and the standard of living of the general public, mosquito repellents have emerged as the most useful tools to prevent malaria, filariasis, dengue fever, and other mosquito-borne epidemics in homes. It is a foolish thing to keep away the population of 1000 million from mosquito bites. Keeping these factors in mind, there is good scope for setting up units for manufacturing repellents such as mosquito mats and mosquito coils. B. Product use and specification: Mosquito coils are the most commonly used mosquito repellent to ward off mosquitoes. The basic component used in mosquito coils is ‘pyrethrum‘. Another material. Allethrin is also used in preparing mosquito repellent coils.
All sectors of the society mosquito repellent are commonly used. The use of repellent is an easy way to prevent mosquitoes. Frequent power failure in villages and towns increases mosquito coil use compared to mosquito mats. Power cuts in India are unprecedented, apart from power cuts and frequent breakdowns. As soon as there will be a power shortage, power cuts and load shedding will be present for a few years to come, demand for Mosquito coil is bound to increase. The use of Mosquito mats instead of Mosquito coils requires investment in a Mosquito Destroyer Machine (MDM) which is an expensive item for the lower-income group. Therefore, in rural areas and low-income homes, mosquito coils are preferred. The big time is needed to improve the general social environment. The social indicators obtained and below in India indicate a huge backlog in the areas of preventive health measures which include improvement in general hygiene.
BISIS & PRESUMPTION
- The unit will run 300 working days on a single shift base.
- Since this industry is new, the working efficiency is considered 70% in the first year.
- Cost of plant and machinery, raw materials have been taken at the time of project report manufacturing and also from a particular make. It may vary depending on various factors with time going on.
- Tax, Freight, Installation, and electrification cost is taken @ 15% of the cost of machinery and equipment.
- Project report cost and security deposits with Electricity Board are taken under pre-operative expenses and these are non-refundable expenses.
- Depreciation has been considered:
(a) On Building @ 5%
(b) On plant and machinery @ 10%
(c) On office furniture and fixtures @ 10%
(d) On other fixed assets @ 10%.
- Interest in capital investment has been taken @ 14.50% per annum.
- Promoter contribution has been taken @ a minimum of 25% of total investment.
- All calculations have based on a single shift running.
LOCATION OF THE UNIT
The proposed unit will be set up at a place that the site will justify to be suitable in view of the following basic considerations:-
- Availability of raw materials & consumables.
- Availability of Power, Fuel, Water.
- Banking facility.
- Marketing prospectus.
- Good communications.
- Labor facility.
RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMABLES
- Beautilatedhy droxytraluin.
- Odorless kerosene.
- Other chemicals.
ITEMS TO BE PRODUCED
- Mosquito repellent liquid.
- Mosquito repellent liquid – 1000 refills per day.
- 8 hours per day
- 25 days per month
- 300 days per annum
The production of mosquito repellents can be broken down into two stages. Packaging of refills are done after a large batch of compounding is completed. Since aerosols are the most common form of mosquito repellent, the following descriptions describe their production. Other forms of repellents such as creams and lotions are manufactured in a similar way, except that the filling process is less involved.
- 1 Compounding is the first step in the manufacturing process. All the ingredients are mixed together in large stainless steel tanks in the compounding process. For an aerosol, the alcohol is pumped into the tank, and other ingredients, including DEET, fragrances, and immolators, are poured manually and allowed to mix. All components except propellants are added at this stage of production. Since some materials in this process are flammable, special precautions are taken to prevent the explosion, such as using spark-proof electrical outlet blast-proof walls.
- 2 When the batch is exhausted, a sample is sent to the quality control laboratory and tested to ensure that it meets the standards set for the product. After passing these tests it is pumped into the filling lines to make the finished product.
- • 3 filling lines are a series of machines connected by a conveyor belt system that combines all ingredients to form a finished mosquito repellent product. The first machine in the system feeds the empty bins on the conveyor line. This machine has a large hopper full of empty compartments that physically manipulate until they stand upright and are oriented correctly.
- • 4 metal cans are then automatically moved along the conveyor belt and cleaned with a jet of compressed air to remove any dust and debris. They travel to the next filling carousel. The filling carousel is made up of a series of piston filling heads that are calibrated to deliver the correct amount of product into the compartment. As the bins move through this section of the filling line, they are filled with product.
- • 5 The next step of the filling process involves attaching the compartment with a valve, attaching the propellant, and pressurizing the compartment. The valve is fitted by a valve insulator machine. Like the bin containing the empty compartment, the valves are also inserted into a hopper and then correctly sorted and aligned. As the bins pass, valves are fitted. These valves are tightly affixed by a valve crimping machine. Depending on the type of filling technique, the propellant is injected through the valve at high pressure or into the can before it is adjacent to the valve.
- 6 • After filling and filling 6 cans, they are taken to a hot tank, a long cistern filled with hot water. Here the compartment is checked to avoid bubbles which would indicate a propellant leak. The high temperature of the water bath also increases the internal pressure of the can, which is intended to cause any weak spots in the can to fail. This is an important quality control step that prevents damaged cans from being sold to the public.
In the production of mosquito repellent, quality control is an essential step. Testing is carried out at various points in the manufacturing process to ensure that the finished product remains effective for a long time from run to run, and is safe to use.
Before production commences, incoming raw materials are checked to ensure that they meet the previously set specifications. Tests such as pH, specific gravity, and moisture content are usually performed. Additionally, the compartment is inspected for dents, rust, and other weaknesses. During manufacture, repellent samples are taken at various points along the line of filling, and the characteristics or products are tested. Some of the parameters monitored include the level of the active ingredient, pressure, spray rate, and spray pattern. Other tests are conducted to ensure that the bins are properly emptied. In addition, long-term stability studies can be performed to establish that can do not show inappropriate signs of corrosion.