Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming
Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming
Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming. Fish farming provides supplementary income to farmers and agricultural laborers. It provides rural folk, especially weaker sectors, a source of subsidiary income from sales.

With the increase in population as well as changing social patterns, awareness and demand for fish are increasing day by day.

Introduction & Market Prospects-Project report on fish farming

Fish farming provides supplementary income to farmers and agricultural laborers. It provides rural folk, especially weaker sectors, a source of subsidiary income from sales.

With the increase in population as well as changing social patterns, awareness and demand for fish are increasing day by day.

Demand has greatly increased all over the country. Demand is not fulfilling even in the local market due to which the rate of fresh fish is very high, therefore more new projects for fish farming must be set up to fulfill the increasing local demand.

While agricultural crop production has been rising at a rate of 1.5 to 2 percent per annum, fish production has not been rising to the required level.

Fish farming is the principal form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under mariculture. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food.

Kinds of an aquaculture-Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming
Project report on fish farming

There are two kinds of aquaculture:

Extensive aquaculture

Extensive aquaculture is based on local photosynthetic production.

Intensive aquaculture

Intensive aquaculture, in which the fish are fed with an external food supply.

The management of these two kinds of aquaculture systems is completely different.

India is a large producer of inland fish, ranking next only to Japan. Out of the total inland fish production of over 3.6 million metric tons, more than 60% is contributed by fish culture in ponds and reservoirs.

The average productivity from ponds on the national level is around 2,500 kg/ha/year, though in Andhra Pradesh and Haryana it is more than 5,000 kg/ha/year, while in some other states like Bihar and UP it is anywhere between 1,500 and 2,500 kg/ha/year.

Fish culture is adopted by all kinds of farmers – small and marginal ones, relatively larger farmers, and those who do it on a commercial scale.

The major freshwater farming environments in India are a pond, cage, pen, rice field, sewage feed, and air-breathing. Polyculture is the dominant culture system practiced. The major species are carp, freshwater prawns, and catfish.

Indian aquaculture is carp-oriented

Project report on fish farming
Project report on fish farming

Basically, India’s aquaculture is carp-oriented and the contribution of other species is marginal. Fish culture in India can be classified as extensive, semi-intensive, or intensive, and the stocking rate is high at 18,408 fish/ha. The average yield varies according to species group, level of input use, and intensity level.

The cost structure is primarily composed of the lease cost of the water body, cost of inputs (fertilizer, seed, and feed), and management and harvesting. Lease value varies according to the fertility and property and management regimes of the water body.

The cost of inputs varies according to the intensity of their use across different technologies in accordance with requirements. Both the central and state governments have come up with schemes to help the cause of the farmers.

Aquaculture production contributes greatly to Indian exports. Of the total exports, European Union countries accounted for 35 percent, Japan for 16 percent, and the US for 13 percent. India’s share in the global marine product market is about two percent.

Market potential-Project report on fish farming

With good demand in the overseas markets and changing consumption patterns in the Japanese market, exports of seafood from India are expected to grow in the coming years.

Fish culture is practiced in less than 30 percent of the total areas available. With an abundance of freshwater resources, India has still not been able to tap even 30% of the potential area for inland fish production.

This sector has the potential to create a huge market, provided fish cultivation is done on a scientific basis.

BASIS & PRESUMPTION-Project report on fish farming

Project report on fish farming
Project report on fish farming
  1. The cost in respect of plant & machinery, raw materials, and finished products has been taken at the time of preparation of this project report and may vary depending upon various factors.
  2. This report is detailed only in Techno-Economic –Feasibility aspects.
  3. The capacity of the farm is 2500kgs. per cycle.
  4. It has been presumed that one cycle will take 6 months to mature the fish.
  5. All calculations have based on the farming of Rehu fish.

6. It has been presumed that each fish will become at least about 1.50 to 2.00 kg on average up to sale level.

FARM CAPACITY

The capacity of this farm will be 4,900 kgs. per annum.

Cost of pond construction:-Project report on fish farming

 

Earthworks

Soil cutting charges          = Rs.5.18 lakhs.

Pucca construction

Providing R.C.C.M. with approved quality of bricks and stone chips, clean coarse sand including screening, centering, shuttering, mixing cement concrete in mixer and placing in position vibrating, striking, curing, all complete construction charges = Rs.2.60 lakhs.

Drainage System

Construction of proper drainage system for inlet & outlet both.

The cost has been taken @Rs.0.45 lakhs.

Water supply system

Boring with submersible pump:-

The cost has been taken @Rs.0.70 lakhs.

Total cost                                              = Rs. 8.93 lakhs.

EQUIPMENTS

Particulars                                            Amount in lakhs

  1. Cotton Net          4 nos.@Rs.2500/-                 0.10
  2. Wire net              2 no.@Rs.5000/-                  0.10
  3. Other equipment           L.S.                             0.10

—–

Total          0.30

—–

OTHER FIXED ASSETS

Particulars                                            Amount in lakhs

  1. Cost of hand tools & equipment                  0.10

2. Cost of furniture & fixtures                           0.10

—–

Total          0.20

—–

COST OF PRELIMINARY EXPENSES-Project report on fish farming

Particulars                                            Amount in lakhs

  1. Consultancy fee                                                   0.02
  2. Travelling & conveyance                                     0.02
  3. Loan raising expenses                                         0.02
  4. Interest during construction period                    0.10
  5. Other startup expenses 0.04                              —–

Total                       0.20

—–

CONTINGENCIES-Project report on fish farming

This has been taken @0% because no heavy machinery and construction are required.

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