What’s Coronary heart disease
What’s Coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition in which the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, become narrowed or blocked as a result of the buildup of plaque (made up of cholesterol, fatty substances, and cellular waste products) on the inner walls of the vessels. This can lead to chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, heart attack, and even death. In this post, I am discussing in detail what’s Coronary heart disease is, the diagnosis, symptoms, and all about it.
Risk factors for CHD
Risk factors for CHD include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and a family history of heart disease. Many of these risk factors are lifestyle-related and can be modified through changes in diet, exercise, and other habits.
The most common symptom
The most common symptom of CHD is chest pain, also called angina. Angina is usually described as a squeezing or pressure-like pain in the chest, but it can also feel like indigestion or heartburn. Other symptoms of CHD can include shortness of breath, fatigue, and a feeling of fullness or discomfort in the upper abdomen.
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Diagnosis of CHD-What’s Coronary heart disease
Diagnosis of CHD typically starts with a physical examination and a review of the patient’s medical history. The doctor may also order blood tests and imaging tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG), a stress test, or coronary angiography.
Treatment for CHD-What’s Coronary heart disease
Treatment for CHD typically includes lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise. Medications such as aspirin, statins, and blood pressure-lowering drugs may also be prescribed to help lower the risk of heart attack and stroke. In some cases, surgery such as angioplasty or bypass surgery may be necessary to open or bypass blocked coronary vessels.
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Prevention of CHD- What’s Coronary heart disease
Prevention of CHD involves reducing risk factors through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It is also important to have regular check-ups with a healthcare provider to monitor blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels and to detect and treat any underlying health problems.
In conclusion, CHD is a serious condition that can lead to heart attack and death. It is caused by the buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries, and risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and a family history of heart disease. Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help prevent CHD. Early diagnosis and treatment can also help to reduce the risk of serious complications.