Wheat Grinding Flour Mills
Introduction & Market Prospects
Wheat grinding or flour mills may be set up at low investment about Rs.5.00 lakhs under the PMEGP scheme but here wheat grinding flour mills have been discussed here on chakki or disc process that costs Rs. 90.00 lakhs. in this proposed unit cost covers about 25.00 lakhs in building double-storied and machine installation cost about Rs. 45.00 lakhs. The proposed unit will be set up to grind wheat. It is basically an agro-based processing industry, engaged in the manufacture of wheat-based products such as atta and bran. Wheat is consumed in many forms, the biggest consumption being in the form of chapatti. The consumption of wheat as a cooked product is mainly confined to the urban population. Wheat can also be the basic raw material for medium scale, small scale, and cottage scale industries.
Generally known as wheat flour is used to make most of the food items in India, such as chapatti, roti, naan, and puri. Most of the ata is mixed with semi-hard wheat varieties, also known as durum wheat that covers 90% of the Indian wheat crop, and is more accurately called durum atta. Hard wheat has a high content of gluten (a protein aggregate that gives elasticity), so flour made of flour is strong and can be very thin. Indian wheat is mostly durum wheat, which is high in protein, but low in “bread-making gluten“, so baked with this flour does not rise as well and is dense. Ata is a Hindi or Urdu word of flour; It is used by Metami to make “flour used for baking”. Atta refers to whole wheat with brownish-white color. The common term used for Ata in India is “Chakki Atta” which is mostly used in rural areas. The mill is groundwater without any addition or subtraction, and thus it is in a more natural form. The term Chakki refers to the traditional Indian way of grinding wheat between two stone plates, which use stone crushers in the flour milling process.
It is an agro-based processing unit which produces atta and bran. Not much work has been done for efficient processing of wheat and supply of various types of products to the common man both in the rural and urban areas. Even now the vast majority of the people in the country use the old traditional method of grinding wheat into Atta. Even the Chakki which are power operated is wasteful to a large extent. According to the department of food, there are at present 1000 units under the roller flour milling Industry in the country.
The development of small scale flour mills on a decentralized basis is playing an important role in the processing of wheat successfully. The product of wheat from these flour mills, being large output, reduction of wastage and better utilization, atta are made available to all sections of the society at the reasonable prices.
The product from these flour mills is consumed mainly by restaurants, hoteliers, and also for domestic purposes. Though the people prefer to have whole atta made from chakki it has its own disadvantages such as mixing of grinding stone in the finished product. If the wheat is properly cleaned and whole atta is processed by these flour mills to cater to the needs of households then there will be more demand for these products from the masses.
MARKET POTENTIAL of Wheat Grinding Flour Mills
Wheat flour or ata is mainly used in food items in India, such as chapatti, roti, naan and puri and in sweat items such as halwa, pakora, etc., whatever are provided due to public distribution system And those who have to put on the ground. Buying and grinding wheat from the open market will also be cheaper than the flour available in the market and we have the option to grind it with the required consistency. These advantages create huge market potential for Mini Wheat Flour Mill.
BISIS & PRESUMPTION of Wheat Grinding Flour Mills
- It has been presumed that the unit will run at least 300 days in a year.
- All calculations have based on 8 hours running the unit.
- It has been assumed that the unit will achieve its projected target as 70% 1st.yr., 75% 2nd.yr & 80% 3rd.yr. and so on.
- This report detailed only in Techno-Economic –Feasibility aspects.
- The gestation period in the implementation of the project may be about 8 to 10 months. This period included making all arrangements, completion of all formalities, market surveys, and tie-ups, financial arrangements, purchase of machines, recruitment of staff, commissioning of plant and trial production, etc.
- The normal wages and salaries being paid in the industry to various grades of personnel have been considered and also the provision of minimum wages has been taken care of.
- The rate of interest both for fixed and working capital has been taken as 14% P.A.
- The payback period for finance to the financial institutions may be about 5/7 years in case of term loan. The working capital loan may however be in the shape of rolling/limit based capital.
- Tax, Freight, Installation, and electrification cost is taken @ 15% of the cost of machinery and equipment.
- Non-refundable deposits, project report cost, trial production, security deposits with Electricity Board are taken under pre-operative expenses.
- Depreciation has been considered:
(a) On Building @ 5%
(b) On plant and machinery @ 10%
(c) On office furniture and fixtures @ 10%
(d) On other fixed assets @ 10%.
- The cost in respect of plant & machinery, raw materials, and finished products has been taken at the time of preparation of this project report and may vary depending upon various factors.
- It has been presumed that Bran will be recovered at 4%.
- This project may be set up where the raw materials are easily available.
- All calculations have based on wheat grinding for flour (Atta) & bran.
LOCATION OF THE UNIT of Wheat Grinding Flour Mills
The proposed unit should be set up in such a land that the site justified being suitable in view of the following basic considerations:-
- Availability of raw materials & consumables.
- Availability of Power, Fuel, Water.
- Banking facility.
- Marketing prospectus.
- Good communications.
- Labor facility.
RAW MATERIALS AND CONSUMABLES
- The wheat of different varieties.
- Packing materials.
ITEMS TO BE PRODUCED
- Wheat Flour.
- Wheat Bran.
1.20 MT wheat per hour workings.
i.e. 240.00 MT wheat per month.
i.e. 2880.00 MT wheat per annum.
- 8 hours per day.
- 25 days per month.
- 300 days per annum.
There is no pollution generated from the process. However, to avoid uneasiness due to the fine dust, dust collectors can be installed.
Milling Process of Wheat Grinding Flour Mills
Wheat milling does not involve complex technology, but it is a very simple method. It involves four Chkki systems. The wheat taken from the market is poured into the hopper of the machine which feeds the materials to the grinding chamber. The rotating discs are adjusted such that the wheat gets its consistency as fine or coarse as per customer. When the wheat is ground to fine dust or as required, it is collected to collecting drums or bags. First of all the rough outer husk is cleaned out the wheat. The cleaned wheat is put by the elevator in the hopper of the machine. Wheat goes down to the milling chamber where wheat is milled between the revolving disks. After complete milling one by one in the form of wheat powder, it comes out through the different existing gate of the machine in the form of Flour. Bran is separated by the machine sieve and comes out of the machine through other outlets. Then it is stored in bags and packed in different sizes of packages for supply.